Frequently Asked Questions
Below are listed some frequently asked questions concerning human participants research, along with brief answers. All of these topics are addressed more thoroughly in the Policy manual.
WHAT is human participants research?
“Human participants research” is defined as a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge, which involves the collection of data from or about living human beings (see Chapter 3 of the policy manual for more details on defining research).
WHY must it be reviewed?
It is University policy to reasonably ensure that the rights and welfare of human participants are adequately protected in research conducted under its auspices. In addition, both federal and state laws require this protection. In order for the University to fulfill its responsibility, all human participants research conducted under University auspices must receive appropriate review and approval.
WHO reviews it?
The University has authorized the campus Institutional Review Boards to review and approve human participants research. The IRBs on each campus are made up of faculty, administrators, and at least one non-institutional member. Certain categories of research may be eligible for less intensive review procedures than review by the entire HRC (see Chapter 4 of the policy manual).
WHO must submit it?
Human participants research must be reviewed if it is conducted by any faculty, staff, student, or any person under the auspices of Antioch University.
HOW is it submitted?
Human participants research projects are submitted via a completed Application for Ethics Review. The form is available under step 5 of the AU IRB site..
WHEN does it have to be submitted?
When submitting projects, sufficient time should be allowed for adequate review. The IRB meeting schedules are posted under Step 3 of the IRB process. For projects requiring full review, proposals must be submitted one week prior to meetings in order to be included on the agenda for that meeting. Projects eligible for less intensive review procedures may be submitted at any time and will generally be reviewed within seven to ten days (though this may vary by campus—if you have urgent questions contact your campus IRB Chair).
HOW will it be reviewed?
The review of human participants research is confined solely to procedures affecting the rights and welfare of human participants. No evaluation is made of the content or scientific merit of the project, unless participants are found to be "at risk," at which time the risk/benefit ratio of the project will be evaluated. The review focuses on such issues as risk to participants, voluntary participation, informed consent, and confidentiality.
WHERE can I get assistance?
Each campus has an IRB Chair and several IRB members. Your campus may designate specific departmental representatives as well. Please see the campus-specific information found under Step 3.
The review of human participants research at Antioch University is a collaborative process intended to result in mutually acceptable research procedures which accomplish the investigator's scientific objectives while protecting the rights and welfare of the participants. The IRB tries to be as flexible as possible and reviews each project as a separate case rather than imposing rigid requirements. Every attempt is made to take into account all factors in determining the outcome of the review. The IRB sees its role as primarily educational and encourages consultation at all stages of the research process.